“Another myth that is firmly upheld is that disabled people are dependent and non-disabled people are independent. No one is actually independent. This is a myth perpetuated by disablism and driven by capitalism - we are all actually interdependent. Chances are, disabled or not, you don’t grow all of your food. Chances are, you didn’t build the car, bike, wheelchair, subway, shoes, or bus that transports you. Chances are you didn’t construct your home. Chances are you didn’t sew your clothing (or make the fabric and thread used to sew it). The difference between the needs that many disabled people have and the needs of people who are not labelled as disabled is that non-disabled people have had their dependencies normalized. The world has been built to accommodate certain needs and call the people who need those things independent, while other needs are considered exceptional. Each of us relies on others every day. We all rely on one another for support, resources, and to meet our needs. We are all interdependent. This interdependence is not weakness; rather, it is a part of our humanity.”—AJ Withers Disability Politics and Theory p109 (via dandyfied)
Lea Salonga is currently affiliated with a new musical called Allegiance that is trying to make it to Broadway. It’s a musical near and dear to my heart about the experience of a Japanese American family through events just prior and through World War II, focusing in particular on the Internment- essentially my family history.
I would love it if more people got interested it, because this bit of history is too important to forget, and simply because the musical is amazing- I was lucky enough to see an early production of it in San Diego which reduced me to tears. So to promote it here on tumblr, here’s one of my favorite songs from the show, recently made available in a new mini-EP you can get on iTunes and Amazon. Enjoy.
Spiritual leaders and other young society candidates will gather starting tomorrow (come to Sitting Bull College, Standing Rock Rez) WE HAVE WORK TO DO! If you know anyone who should attend, please pass this agenda along.
March 7-9, 2014 Co-hosts: Sitting Bull College and the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe Sitting Bull College campus Trades Building, Fort Yates, ND
March 7th, 2014 11am- Posting of Flags and Staff Prayer- George Ironshield Moderator- Chase Iron Eyes Review Agenda, Intro of Speakers Opening- Dr. Laurel Vermillion, SBC President 11:30am- Lunch, SBC Staff/Faculty 12:30pm- Chairman Dave Archambault II, Opening gathering 1:15pm- Tim Mentz Sr., overview of Oceti Sakowin issues -Gather Spiritual Leaders to discuss sacred sites and sacred water -Defining the buffalo territory of the Oceti Sakowin -Protecting our sacred spiritual knowledge and sacred ceremonies -Develop plan to transfer our oral knowledge, star knowledge and Dakota, Lakota and Nakota language to the 7th generation 2pm- Oceti Sakowin THPO panel, Protection and Preservation of Sacred Sites, “Claiming our Sacred Landscapes, Sacred Sites and Sacred Sites” Draft By-Laws- Organizing Oceti Sakowin THPO(s): -Keystone XL pipeline/Dewey-Burdock, Government-to-Government Consultation with Tribes, Consulting the Federal agency on their archeological report on “determination of effects” to “historic properties and areas or properties of religious and cultural significance” to Tribes -THPOs response to identification of “areas or properties of religious or cultural significance” amongst Great Plains Tribes -Discussion on documenting stone features of Oceti Sakowin -Are THPOs ready to claim our sacred stone feature sites 4:30pm-Oceti Sakowin Tribal Historic Preservation Officers -Federal Project Impacting Sacred Sites/Spiritual Landscapes -Section 106 Consultation with SRST/THPO on Keystone XL Pipeline Archeological Survey -Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, as amended- requires Government-to-Government Consultation with Oceti Sakowin Tribal Governments in Keystone XL Pipeline Project Archaeological Survey and Determination of Effects for Entire Corridor 5:30pm- Supper, Wastewin Young family. Speaker- TBA 7pm- “Dakota Star Knowledge and Sacred Sites Documented in our Buffalo Territory”, Tim Mentz Sr., Presenter
March 8th, 2014 Sitting Bull College Campus Trades Building Moderator- Denny Gayton 8:30am- Prayer, George Iron Shield Breakfast- Jennifer Martel family 9am- Introduction of Oceti Sakowin leadership -Oceti Sakowin Elders, Grandmother Land -Itancan 9:30am- Overview of First Day 10am- Leonard Little Finger: Preserving our Oceti Sakowin History 11am- Lionel Bordeaux, Sinte Gleska University 12pm- Lunch, Prairie and Jake Swimmer Family Speaker- Craig Blacksmith, Dakota Plains, Dakota Nation 1pm- Creating an International Oceti Sakowin Elders Preservation Council, Moderator Tim Mentz Sr. -Organize -Establish a process by the bands of Oceti Sakowin to address Federal, State, and Tribal Projects producing Adverse Impacts to Oceti Sakowin Sacred Sites and Areas or Properties of Religious or Cultural Significance to Dakota/Lakota/Nakota Oyate -Dakota/Lakota Governance, Re-Establish our Society Headmen -Establishing an International Oceti Sakowin Buffalo Territory Preservation Code -Manage and Maintain a Sacred Sites Registry for Oceti Sakowin -Preserving Sacred Knowledge of our Ceremonies 3pm- Spiritual Advisors Panel, “How Do We Sustain our Spiritual Walks of Life?” -Organize -Establish an Oceti Sakowin Spiritual Advisors Council -How Should our Spiritual Leaders Interact with Common Law? -How do we continue to maintain our connection to our genesis places of our spirituality located at areas outside our Reservation boundaries? -Do we create a spiritual advisors listing who will assist with protecting our sacred sites and water within our buffalo territory when we continue to document these areas during TCP survey work? -Are our spiritual people ready to step back into our sacred sites and claim them for Oceti Sakowin? -What would our Spiritual Leaders give to the 7th generation to mend the sacred hoop? 4:30pm- Q&A 5:30pm- Supper, LaDonna Allard Family. Speaker- Leonard Little Finger 7pm- Moderator, Denny Gayton. Oceti Sakowin Elders/Tribal Leaders/ Spiritual Leaders Meeting: “Oceti Sakowin Sacred Stone Features Documented in our Buffalo Territory” Presentation on Buffalo Effigies by Tim Mentz Sr. -Discuss Establishing Oceti Sakowin Spiritual Advisory Council, why we NEED this accomplished -Discuss Establishing an International Oceti Sakowin Elders Preservation Council -Establishing a Sacred Sites/Cultural Landscape Registry for our buffalo territory -Is an educational approach possible to document and record our oral knowledge keepers to assist in sustaining our 7th generation? -What do we have left to give our takojas and the ones still coming?
March 9th, 2014 8:30am- Prayer, George Iron Shield 9am- Moderator, Chase Iron Eyes Breakfast- Loretta Bad Heart Bull and Friends 9:30am- Tribal Leaders Panel, Preservation within our Buffalo Territory Chairman Dave Archambault II 10:30am- Tribal Colleges Panel, Gatekeeper of our Cultural Knowledge and History SBC President Dr. Laurel Vermillion 11:30am- Tribal Legal Panel, Utilizing the National Historic Preservation Act and the National Environmental Policy Act TBA 12:30pm- Lunch, Tim Mentz Sr. Family Speakers- Sunshine Carlow SRST Tribal Education Nacole Walker, SBC Instructor Lakhol’iyapi Wahohpi- SBC Lakota Language Nest Staff
"Dakota/Lakota Language Revitalization for the Oceti Sakowin"
1:45pm- International 7th Generation Cultural Committee to “Map out a Plan to Retain the Knowledge of our Grandfathers and Grandmothers of the Oceti Sakowin Oyate,” Chase Iron Eyes -Establishing an International 7th Generation Cultural Committee -Organize -Work Concurrent with Elders Preservation Council -Work Concurrent with Spiritual Advisors -Create Networking Amongst Oceti Sakowin Tribal Colleges 2:30pm- Closing Remarks from Tribal Leaders/ Tribal College Presidents/Spiritual Leaders 3pm- Retreat of Flags and Staff, Closing Prayer
what i love about tumbr is that in, like, the early 2000s, when i was a kid/teenager, the tendency of older generations to forward stupid pictures/inspirational messages/scary stories/silly gifs through chain emails was generally a thing my generation made fun of them for, and now that my generation is in our 20s we have built an entire website around doing the exact same chain email shit we mocked our parents for, and it’s somehow cool now
i can only assume that Google, which has tried to be supportive to Native communities before (like supporting a Cherokee-language option in Gmail), is just hella ignorant and when they made this rule it didn’t occur to them that Native surnames often follow that formula (or that Native people have Gmails?)
something similar happened to me once tho…i was tryna make a separate email with Gmail for this project i was working on, and put Cheyenne words in as the first and last name; Google told me “are you sure this is a real name?” and flagged the account
Can you explain why Europeans were much more technologically advanced than the indigenous populations of Africa? I mean, these cultures hadn't even invented sewage systems, which is something the Romans were able to design and implement in 800-735 BC (a long fucking time before "the white man" colonized it)... I mean fuck, without "the white man", they would probably still be in the fucking bronze age.
I don’t really know what kind of history books bigots like you read.
The Great Libraries of Timbuktu? The steel metallurgy of the Haya? Dentistry? Caesarean section? Premature neonatal care? Mathematics, architecture, engineering?
I know it’s hard for a racist like you who imagines “technological advancement” to be some kind of end-all-be-all, or proof of some “inherent intelligence”. I know, I know. It’s hard to imagine, but Europeans have been drawing knowledge from everyone around them since the dawn of time. What did you think ended the Dark Ages?
All houses in the major cities of Harappa and Mohenjo−daro had access to water and drainage facilities. Waste water was directed to covered drains which lined the major streets directed to covered drains, which lined the major streets. Each home had its own private drinking well and its own private bathroom. The mains that carried wastewater to a cesspit were tall enough for people to walk through. Reservoirs, a central drainage system, fresh water pumped into the homes. Pools. Baths.
“Megalithica Books, an imprint of Immanion Press (Stafford, U.K./Portland, OR, U.S.A) is seeking submissions for the Bring Race to the Table: An Exploration of Racism in the Pagan Community.
This anthology explores the topic of Racism and how Racism shows up in the Pagan community, as well as what we can do to recognize it and proactively work to change it by being consciously aware of race and privilege and actively applying that awareness to the Pagan community. We also examine cultural appropriation and its role in racism, and how we can approach issues of culture with conscious awareness that leads to genuine cultural exchanges instead of appropriation.
The vision for this anthology is to include a combination of academic and personally inspired pieces that show the experiences of racism, and the study of racism.”
I promise I’m not in any imminent danger, but I don’t know how things will play out later. At the very least, I’d like to not have to worry about how to survive for a month or two as I get things together.
i cant listen to the french part in partition bc i ALWAYS have flashback to the time a guy told me to speak french in his ear while we were doin it bc i had said i took 4 years of it when we were flirtin and he thought that meant i was good and i just said apple juice in french and he came
I had a patient in the clinic who really did not want an abortion but who had no resources to cover the costs of prenatal care or childbirth. She was single and without insurance coverage but made just enough money to be ineligible for state assistance. She already had outstanding bills at the hospital and with the local ob-gyn practice. No doctor would see her without payment up front.
We were willing to do the abortion for a reduced rate or for free if necessary. But she really didn’t want an abortion. Once I understood her situation, I went to the phone and called the local ‘crisis pregnancy center.’
"Hello, this is Dr. Wicklund."
Dead silence. I might as well have said I was Satan.
"Hello?" I said again. "This is Dr. Wicklund."
"Hello," very tentatively, followed by another long silence.
"I need help with a patient," I said. She came to me for an abortion, but really doesn’t want one. What she really needs is someone to do her prenatal care and birth for free."
"What do you expect us to do?"
I let that hang for a minute.
This Common Secret, Susan Wicklund
Crisis Pregnancy Centers often disguise themselves as medical facilities, with advertisements offering “help” with an unplanned pregnancy. Their main goal is to keep the pregnant person from having an abortion at all costs. Usually, all they’ll give you is a free pregnancy test, some baby clothes, and maybe a box of diapers.
The patient referred to in the quote was given free prenatal care and did not have to pay the financial cost of childbirth by a local anti-choice doctor. She would often stop by Dr. Wicklund’s office to let her know how she was doing:
"He (the doctor) always moans and groans about being tricked into [doing this]," she says. "Then he goes off on these tirades against abortion."
Choose life, obviously. Sacrifice for your beliefs. “Crisis pregnancy centers” are willing to use deceit, intimidation, and violence to prevent a pregnancy, but apparently they draw the line at giving to prevent one.
“Even some seemingly supportive gay and lesbian presses don’t see a surefire hit in a bisexual-themed book. Many publishers praised the book but declined to publish it with comments like… “it wouldn’t be fair to you because we’re not sure how to market it.””—
In other words, there are no “LGBT” presses, because they flat out rejected a “B” book as “we don’t know what to do with you.” This is why Gressive Press exists now, a new imprint of Circlet Press that exists to publish books that are off the binary poles. This is why we’re publishing BEST BI SHORT STORIES.
There are 8 days left to support the Best Bi Short Stories anthology! Kickstarter link: http://kck.st/1gKb0tm
Sarah Rees Brennan has a new post up about her experiences (some of them heart-breaking) as a now-published author who used to write fanfiction. It’s well worth a read, especially for the way it highlights the role that gender may play in these issues.
What this post made me think about is the parallel between the way we view and understand fictional characters and the way we view and understand real people that we do not actually know. There’s a long tradition of research in media studies on what they call “parasocial relationships,” which are one-sided relationships formed with (for example) TV personalities, fictional characters, or celebrities. The basic idea is that it’s easy to fool our brains into thinking we know someone. If you see someone a lot—on television, in magazines, or even just on your twitter feed—of course you start to feel like you know that person. In the course of our evolutionary history, if you saw or heard someone that often, you almost certainly did know them.
But that’s not the case in the modern world. And that’s where you get parasocial relationships, which are, by definition, one-sided. Spend enough time reading interviews with Jennifer Lawrence or read enough celebrity gossip about Taylor Swift, and you start to feel like you really know them. It’s one-sided because they do not know you.
Long story short, there is a ton of super interesting research that documents a tendency to view fictional characters and real people we don’t know (like celebrities) much like we view real people who we actually know. This can be wonderful! Oh, the fictional friends I have made! But this tendency also has the potential to come with a variety of side-effects, because while fiction is often purposefully written to make certain we know tons of stuff about the personalities, backgrounds, inner workings, flaws, strengths, moral status, and emotional cores of the characters on the page, this is not true of parasocial interactions with real people. When your brain tricks you into thinking that you really know a fictional character, there are many ways in which that is true. But when real people are involved?
It’s not true. It’s not true at all.
In my day job, I study the science of fiction and why we like stories and what the cognitive effects of engaging with fictional characters and fictional worlds might be. In this field, we’re starting to see evidence that reading fiction might improve (or otherwise be related to) the ability to get inside other people’s heads: to read their emotions, and understand what they think and believe so forth. People like Lisa Zunshine and Raymond Mar and Keith Oatley have all kinds of wonderful papers (and books!) on this relationship between spending time with fictional characters and being able to read real people.
How does this work? It’s early days, still, so we don’t really know. But what does seem to be true is that fiction often gives us a front row seat to people’s emotions and relationships and thoughts and beliefs and desires in a way that reality usually does not. In the real world, you might infer, based on the fact that someone bolts in the middle of their father’s funeral, that they are upset or overwhelmed. You might even feel like you know that. But in fiction, you often do know it—you see the before and the after and the moment when the character lets him/herself break down because there is no one there to see it.
But in reality? We don’t have this kind of access. In life, there is no author or director making sure we have the information we need to have in order to understand the “characters.” As a result, in the real world, we only perceive ourselves as knowing what other people are thinking and feeling. We make inferences based on behavioral cues, but we have no direct access to their minds. Oftentimes, we can guess and guess well, but it’s always that… a guess.
What does all of this have to do with Sarah’s post?
I think that a lot of the negative experiences that Sarah talks about female authors (specifically those who used to write fanfic) having are the result of people feeling like they know things that they could not possibly know. Like what an author was thinking when they wrote XYZ character, or what the author’s intention was when they did/said that one thing, or why Author X is friends with Author Y.
In fiction, you frequently (though not always) have the access you need to make conclusions about characters’ mental states and motivations with a high level of certainty. Most of the time in reality, you do not—especially if the people you’re attributing mental states and intentions and dispositions to are people you do not actually know, people you are watching from afar.
Reading Sarah’s post made me wonder if those of us who engage with fiction frequently and passionately and, yes, through fandom, writing stories and daydreaming about characters and diagnosing their motivations—I wonder if that level of engagement could potentially have very real cognitive effects on us, beyond what has already been studied. On the one hand, that kind of engagement might actually make us better at understanding people. But at the same time, I think it quite possibly increases our perceptions of how good we are at doing that, beyond what is actually possible. Regular engagement with fiction—particularly active engagement through fandom—might fool us into thinking, even more than people who are less engaged with fiction, that we really, truly know what other people are thinking or intending and who they are deep down.
Might we get into the habit of telling ourselves stories about real people’s motivations, the same way that fandom thinks about and expands on the inner lives of the characters in the books and television shows we love? And might this trick us, in real-world settings, into forgetting that these stories, in our minds, about these people who are REAL—are not real themselves?
The stories we tell ourselves are just that—stories. They are, at best, guesses, and often, they’re not very good ones. We do not have special access to another person’s thoughts or emotions, no matter how much we’ve read about them. We do not “really know” them better than the people they are close to in real life. It is not in any way rational to think that, based on your familiarity with someone’s writing or twitter feed or something you were peripherally involved with ten years ago, you have superior knowledge of that person’s current mental states, emotions, personality, and moral proclivities than do people who currently hang out with that person on a daily basis.
And yet, this happens. It happens all the time. We judge people not just on their actions, but on the stories we tell ourselves about those actions, not just on their work, but on the stories we tell ourselves about how we think that work came to be. And there are very real reasons to think that the people who might be most prone to this feeling—that we really know someone, that we understand their intentions and emotions and motivations and inspirations—are those of us who spend the most time in fictional worlds, with fictional characters, telling ourselves stories about them.
This is what I was thinking when I read Sarah’s blog entry. I was thinking about parasocial relationships and the way we perceive mental states and how fiction can fool you into thinking those perceptions are more than guesses. I was thinking about the way that gender almost certainly plays a role in what those guesses end up being. And I was thinking that it would probably do a world of good if we made more of an active effort to remind ourselves of all the things we don’t know.
haven’t read all of this yet but reblogging so I can remember to do so. Also, I’ve noticed what the OP talks about in fandom a lot lately. The way we tend to treat celebrities with the same kind of MINEMINEMINE ownership as we do their characters. And if you want to get all MINEMINEMINE about a fictional character, that’s not so bad. Getting that way about a celeb who is an actual person can cause problems.
When [an abusive man] tells me that he became abusive because he lost control of himself, I ask him why he didn’t do something even worse. For example, I might say, “You called her a fucking whore, you grabbed the phone out of her hand and whipped it across the room, and then you gave her a shove and she fell down. There she was at your feet where it would have been easy to kick her in the head. Now, you have just finished telling me that you were ‘totally out of control’ at that time, but you didn’t kick her. What stopped you?” And the client can always give me a reason. Here are some common explanations:
"I wouldn’t want to cause her a serious injury."
“I realized one of the children was watching.”
“I was afraid someone would call the police.”
“I could kill her if I did that.”
“The fight was getting loud, and I was afraid the neighbors would hear.”
And the most frequent response of all:
"Jesus, I wouldn’t do that. I would never do something like that to her.”
The response that I almost never heard — I remember hearing it twice in the fifteen years — was: “I don’t know.”
These ready answers strip the cover off of my clients’ loss of control excuse. While a man is on an abusive rampage, verbally or physically, his mind maintains awareness of a number of questions: “Am I doing something that other people could find out about, so it could make me look bad? Am I doing anything that could get me in legal trouble? Could I get hurt myself? Am I doing anything that I myself consider too cruel, gross, or violent?”
A critical insight seeped into me from working with my first few dozen clients: An abuser almost never does anything that he himself considers morally unacceptable. He may hide what he does because he thinks other people would disagree with it, but he feels justified inside. I can’t remember a client ever having said to me: “There’s no way I can defend what I did. It was just totally wrong.” He invariably has a reason that he considers good enough. In short, an abuser’s core problem is that he has a distorted sense of right and wrong.
I sometimes ask my clients the following question: “How many of you have ever felt angry enough at youer mother to get the urge to call her a bitch?” Typically half or more of the group members raise their hands. Then I ask, “How many of you have ever acted on that urge?” All the hands fly down, and the men cast appalled gazes on me, as if I had just asked whether they sell drugs outside elementary schools. So then I ask, “Well, why haven’t you?” The same answer shoots out from the men each time I do this exercise: “But you can’t treat your mother like that, no matter how angry you are! You just don’t do that!”
The unspoken remainder of this statement, which we can fill in for my clients, is: “But you can treat your wife or girlfriend like that, as long as you have a good enough reason. That’s different.” In other words, the abuser’s problem lies above all in his belief that controlling or abusing his female partner is justifiable….
Lundy Bancroft, Why Does He Do That? Inside the Minds of Angry and Controlling Men (via seebster)
THIS BOOK SAVED MY LIFE AND I CANNOT RECOMMEND IT ENOUGH EVERYONE ON EARTH SHOULD READ THIS *except abusers
Look, I’m glad ‘12 Years [a Slave]’ got made and it’s wonderful that people are seeing it and there is another view of what happened in America. But I’m not real sure why Steve McQueen wanted to tackle that particular sort of thing.
[‘Fruitvale Station’] explains things like the shooting of Trayvon Martin, the problems with stop and search, and is just more poignant. America is much more willing to acknowledge what happened in the past: ‘We freed the slaves! It’s all good!’ But to say: ‘We are still unnecessarily killing black men’ – let’s have a conversation about that.
I think in light of 12 Years a Slave winning the Oscar for Best Picture, this needs to be remembered. Because it is a very important point in terms of the palatability of 12 Years a Slave and why Fruitvale Station didn’t even get nominated when it has such acclaim outside of the Oscar world.